The oil lamps in the Mausoleum of The First Emperor of Qin have been burning for thousands of years

2022-06-15 0 By

In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang destroyed the last State of Qi, completing the great achievement of unifying China and establishing a centralized multi-ethnic state, the Qin Dynasty.Qin Shi Huang created and wrote history, and stories and legends about him are still told today.For a long time, we could only find legends in history books, until the discovery of the Mausoleum of The First Emperor of Qin made it more real. If you have ever traveled to Xi ‘an, you must have seen the glory of the Terracotta Warriors, and they are only part of the Mausoleum of the first Emperor of Qin.It is worth noting that the mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin has never been fully explored until now, not because people are afraid to disturb his sleep, but because there are too many mysteries, too many unsolved mysteries.Some of the objects in the underground palace will not be long after excavation into powder, no longer exist, this is undoubtedly a huge loss for people, so in the absence of a sure preservation of these priceless treasures, or let them sleep quietly in the underground palace is better.During the excavation of the Mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin, many other things happened that amazed archaeologists, such as the completeness and size of the mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin, such as the complexity of the structure of the mausoleum of the first Emperor of Qin, such as the oil lamp in the mausoleum of the first Emperor of Qin, was still on when the subterranean palace was opened.It has been more than 2,000 years since the construction of the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang began. Is it true that these lamps will not be extinguished for thousands of years?It is better to look for the answer with questions than to have a headless head. History books briefly explain the problem, saying that the fuel in the oil lamp is shark oil, but American scholars have concluded that the fuel is more valuable than shark oil.So what exactly is it, and whether the American study is persuasive, let’s take a look.In other words, they believed that there would be another world after death, so they had already made plans for what would happen after their death.Although the First Emperor of qin made great achievements, but he did not see life and death, from the age of 13 when he just ascended the throne, he had begun to build his own mausoleum.Oddly enough, the emperor chose a mausoleum far from Xianyang, where he ruled, which is simply an lishan Mountain.Li Daoyuan, a geographer of the Northern Wei Dynasty, offers his own explanation: The First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty buried him at a great height. He built a tomb on the hill of Lirong, a land of blue fields, with gold in its shade and jade in its Yang.It means that the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty chose this place because of the excellent location of mount Li, with its dark side rich in gold and its sunny side rich in jade. This is why he chose to build a mausoleum there.Obviously, although there is some truth in such a statement, it is not comprehensive after all. Some scholars have pointed out another possibility, that is, the Lishan Mountain was chosen by Qin Shihuang because of the restrictions of the ritual system at that time.The mausoleum of The First Emperor of Qin is located in Zhiyang, west of Lintong County. In ancient times, the ritual system was western, which means that the mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin is more in line with the ritual system in the east.The mausoleum of The First Emperor of Qin was 39 years in the making. When the first Emperor died, it was still unfinished. After the second Emperor ascended the throne, it took more than a year to complete it.After the war, the Mausoleum of The First Emperor of Qin was repeatedly excavated, but fortunately the mausoleum of the first Emperor of Qin is still largely intact.The Mausoleum of The First Emperor of Qin is the largest, strangest and richest of all the imperial tombs in the world, and even a lavish underground palace would be an understatement.Since 1962, archaeologists have carried out the first comprehensive survey of the Mausoleum of The First Emperor qin Shihuang. Based on the survey, archaeologists have drawn up a plan of the mausoleum, and the preliminary plan shows that the mausoleum covers an area of 56.25 square kilometers, which caused a great sensation.Twelve years later, the terra-cotta Warriors were discovered, and six months later, the first archaeological team entered the tomb, which has since been protected and researched.When the local palace was opened, the oil lamp was still on. The Mausoleum of The First Emperor of Qin had been sleeping for more than 2,000 years. Why was the oil lamp still on?In order to uncover this puzzle, scholars are also spare no effort, and Sima Qian in the records of the Historian recorded a paragraph, attracted everyone’s attention, the content is like this: wear sanquan, copper and coffin, palace view baiguan strange ware zhen Strange move Zang man.Make the artisan for crossbow arrow, wear near who often shot it.With mercury for rivers and seas, machine phase indoctrination, with astronomy, with geography.With mermaid ointment as candle, the degree is not extinguished for a long time.The last sentence, in particular, seems to explain the reason why the oil lamps in the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang are not extinguished, pointing out that the fuel for the oil lamps is made of mermaid paste.Mermaids, or man-eaters, are said to have been hunted in large numbers by the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, who turned them into a burning oil that became fuel for lamps.But merpeople are legendary Marine species, and up to now, there is still no evidence that merpeople really exist, so Sima Qian’s account is not convincing.With the continuous development of science and technology and the deepening of research, Chinese and foreign experts and scholars have compared the fuel in the oil lamp for many times, and finally determined that the oil in the oil lamp is not mermaid paste, but extracted from the whale, which was extremely precious at that time.Can whale oil burn for thousands of years?Obviously, this is still puzzling.This issue has also attracted the attention of scholars from other countries in the world. An American scholar put forward a more convincing argument.They believe that there are two possibilities that the oil lamps in the Mausoleum may have been lit by later generations. One is that the whale oil was mixed with yellow phosphorus, a substance that prevents and slows the burning of objects, and that the mixing of yellow phosphorus prolonged the burning of the oil.Second, the wick of the oil lamp is mixed with white phosphorus, which has a very low ignition point. In the closed underground palace, white phosphorus will not spontaneously ignite, but when the underground palace is opened, a large amount of air will enter it, which may spontaneously ignite.It was almost as we solved the oil lamp in the underground palace of possible factors, namely the qin shihuang’s mausoleum in the lamp doesn’t burn in one thousand, after the underground closed because of a lack of air, still mix of yellow phosphorus grease was extinguished, but wait for underground opening, after entering the air, allows the white phosphorus combustion, and lit the lamp again,This allowed the archaeologists who went in later to see the lamp still burning.Although it is impossible for the oil lamp to burn for thousands of years, it can burn itself after thousands of years. It is also a great miracle, so we have to admire the wisdom of our ancient people.References: Records of the Grand Historian, Notes on the Water Classics, The Book of Han, etc.(Picture network, invasion and deletion)