Deng’s 10-point warning goes to the root of today’s negative mood among young people

2022-05-04 0 By

Editor’s note: In recent years, words or news such as “Sheshao”, “migrant worker”, “996”, “take-out rider trapped in the system”, “Pindoduo girl’s sudden death”, “roll-in” and “lying flat” have always aroused great resonance on the Chinese Internet.The root cause is that more and more people are dissatisfied with the serious polarization between the rich and the poor, the consolidation of social strata, the lack of powerful protection for the disadvantaged groups, and the hegemony of capital.In this process, the anxiety and dissatisfaction of young people are particularly prominent. They really realize that life is not easy, and find it increasingly difficult to change their fate through hard work. They even try to afford a house in big cities all their life, and when they return to small cities, they are very short of job opportunities.Under the dilemma, young people’s negative emotions continue to accumulate and spread.At the beginning of China’s reform and opening up, Deng Xiaoping once said that poverty and polarization are not socialism. The essence of socialism is common prosperity.Therefore, on the basis of summing up the past experience and lessons, he proposed in response to the reality of poverty and backwardness at that time that some people and some regions should get rich first and then lead to common prosperity.In the first 40 years of reform and opening up, China mainly solved the problem of widespread poverty and backwardness and achieved great economic development. In today’s economic development, we should pay more attention to bringing the rich first and then the rich later, and address issues of equity and justice so that all people can share the dividends of national development.Only in this way can Chinese socialism have more moral appeal.Deng Xiaoping, the chief architect of China’s reform and opening up, said in 1990: “To achieve common prosperity has been a focus of our reform agenda from the very beginning.Socialism is not about a few getting rich and the majority getting poor. It is not like that.The greatest advantage of socialism is common prosperity, which embodies the essence of socialism.”So when do you start letting the first to lead the second?Deng xiaoping said, “If the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, polarization will arise, and the socialist system should and can avoid polarization…We should study when and on what basis this issue should be raised and resolved.It is conceivable that when the well-off level is reached at the end of this century, this problem will be raised and solved in a prominent way.By that time, the developed areas should continue to develop, and we should give strong support to the underdeveloped areas by paying more profits and taxes and transferring technology.Most of the underdeveloped areas are rich in resources and have great potential for development.”On the 25th anniversary of Deng Xiaoping’s death, it is still important for China to share his 10 warnings.Deng xiaoping had 10 points for China warned article/source/from deng xiaoping “selected works of deng xiaoping, the original” CCTV international channel warned a national income allocation for all the people are good – we is a socialist country, the national income distribution for all the people are good, not too much, nor too poor, so the day is generally better.(Striving for the Great Unity of the Whole Chinese Nation, 1986 P161-162) Warning 2 if polarization is promoted, there will be revolution in China — common prosperity. We have been saying from the very beginning of reform that one day it will become the central task.Socialism is not about a few getting rich and the majority getting poor. It is not like that.The greatest advantage of socialism is common prosperity, which embodies the essence of socialism.If polarization is introduced, the situation will be different. Ethnic, regional and class contradictions will develop, and correspondingly the contradictions between the central and local governments will develop, and trouble may break out.(Making Good Use of Opportunities to Solve Problems of Development, 1990 P364) — If capitalism is adopted, a few people may become rich, but a large number of them will remain in poverty for a long time, and there will be revolution in China.(Absorbing historical Experience and Preventing Wrong Tendency, 1987, P229) Warning 3: If the reform leads to polarization, the reform will fail — the difference between socialism and capitalism is common prosperity, not polarization.(Bourgeois liberalization means taking the Road to Capitalism, 1985 P123) reform has failed if it leads to polarization.(Reform is the Only Way For China to Develop the Productive forces, 1985 P139) The four modernizations we are pursuing now are socialist modernization, not any other modernization….The goal of socialism is to achieve common prosperity, not polarization.If our policies lead to polarization, we have failed;If any new bourgeoisie were to emerge, we would indeed have gone astray.We call on some regions to get rich first in order to inspire and encourage other regions to get rich too….The same is true for encouraging some of the people to get better off first.(Uniting by Ideals and Discipline, 1985 P110-111) Warned that at the end of the 20th century, we should address the polarization problem — to take the road of socialism is to gradually achieve common prosperity.The concept of common prosperity is put forward like this: some areas have conditions to develop first, while others develop more slowly. The areas that develop first lead the areas that develop later, and finally achieve common prosperity.If the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, there will be polarization, and the socialist system should and can avoid polarization….We should study when and on what basis this issue should be raised and resolved.It is conceivable that when the well-off level is reached at the end of this century, this problem will be raised and solved in a prominent way.(Talking Points in Wuchang, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shanghai, etc., p373-374, 1992) Warned that no matter how beautiful the five cities are, they cannot do without the rural areas, the foundation for stability. Eighty percent of China’s population lives in rural areas, and the stability of China depends first on the stability of eighty percent.No matter how beautiful the city is, it cannot do without the stable foundation of the countryside.(Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, 1984, P65) — To invigorate the domestic economy, we must first start in the rural areas.Eighty percent of China’s population lives in the countryside.Whether The Chinese society is stable and the Chinese economy can develop depends, first and foremost, on whether the rural areas can develop and whether the peasants’ life is better.Quadrupling the population is very important to the 80 percent of the population can achieve.(Our Grand Goals and Fundamental Policies, 1984, P77-78) Warning the ideological, Cultural, Educational and public health departments to take social benefits as the sole criterion for all their activities — the tendency to “put money first” and commercialize spiritual products is also manifested in other aspects of spiritual production.(Urgent Task of the Party on the Organizational and Ideological Fronts, P43, 1983) — Ideological, cultural, educational and public health departments should regard social efficiency as the sole criterion for all their activities, and the enterprises they belong to should also regard social efficiency as the supreme criterion.We have said many times that by the centenary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, China’s economy may approach the level of developed countries.One of the reasons why we say so is that during this period of time, we are fully capable of improving education, raising our scientific and technological level and cultivating hundreds of millions of talents of all kinds and at all levels.The strength of our country and the strength of its economic development depend more and more on the quality of its workers and on the quantity and quality of its intellectuals.A big country with a population of one billion has a huge advantage in human resources that no other country can match if education is improved.With the advantage of qualified personnel and the advanced socialist system, we can be sure of achieving our goals….The central government has made a strategic decision to make great efforts in education, including primary and middle schools.If we do not present such a task to the whole Party now, we will miss the important task and bear historical responsibility….There are still quite a few comrades, including some senior cadres, who do not have enough understanding of the necessity of developing and reforming education and lack a sense of urgency, or pay lip service to the fact that education is important, but when it comes to solving practical problems, it becomes less so….Leaders who neglect education lack vision and are immature and cannot lead the modernization drive.Party committees and governments at all levels should not only pay close attention to educational work, but also pay close attention to it and make strict requirements. They should talk less empty talk and do more practical work.(Seriously Grasp education work, 1985, P120-121) Warning 8 If China is going to go wrong, it will still be within the Communist Party.(Talking points in Wuchang, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shanghai, etc., P380, 1992) Warning 9 The ultimate success of all reforms depends on the reform of the political structure — without political restructuring, we cannot adapt to the situation.Reform should include the reform of the political structure, and should be taken as a symbol of the progress of reform.(Talks on Economic Reports, 1986 P160) political restructuring and economic restructuring should rely on and cooperate with each other.Economic restructuring without political restructuring will make it impossible to reform the economic restructuring because, first of all, we will encounter obstacles from the people.If you advocate delegating power to others, what can you do?From this point of view, the final success of all our reforms depends on the reform of the political system.To achieve development, we must adhere to opening to the outside world and carrying out domestic reform, including the reform of the political structure in the superstructure area.(Strengthening education in the Four Cardinal Principles and Persisting in the Policy of Reform and Opening up, 1987 P202) Warning x Political structural reform will touch the interests of many people and will encounter many obstacles — when we propose reform, political structural reform is included.At present, every step forward in economic restructuring is accompanied by a deep sense of the need for political restructuring.If we do not reform the political system, we cannot guarantee the achievements of economic restructuring, and if we cannot continue economic restructuring, we will hinder the development of productive forces and the realization of the four modernizations….Political restructuring…There are many obstacles to reaching many people’s interests….Through reform, we need to strike a balance between the rule of law and the rule of men, and between the Party and the government.Without political restructuring, economic restructuring will be difficult to carry out.(On Political Restructuring, 1986 P176~177) reform is a comprehensive reform, including economic restructuring, political restructuring and corresponding reforms in various other fields….Every measure of political restructuring involves millions of people, mainly cadres, not just a group of senior citizens.(Speeding up the Pace of Reform, 1987, P237~240)